Have you ever overheard a small debate between children related to #economics? Some at theMarketSoul (c)1999 -2013 find themselves in Spain this weekend, relaxing with family and the following conversation between young siblings are worth repeating.
In some bizarre way, it relates to labour economics and the minimum wage
Pony (Photo credit: Moyan_Brenn_BE_BACK_IN_SEPTEMBER)
We had just observed a single horse drawn carriage in the streets of Marbella, when the conversation kicked off.
C1 “What is the minimum wages?”
C2 “I don’t know, why should I?”
A1 “It currently is around €7.00 / hour or something very close”
C1 “Ok, so if one apple costs say €1, then the pony should get 7 apples an hour for working, right?”
C2 “Why?” [by the way C1 is 13 years old and C2 is 11 years old"
C1 "Because that is the minimum wage"
C2 "That doesn't make any sense!"
C1 "What do you mean it does not make any sense, it is simple mathematics?"
C2 "Why should the pony get 7 apples per hour? What if it only wants 3 apples and something else?"
C1 "Because that is the minimum wage!"
C2 "Yes, but the pony might not want so many apples. The pony might want to choose for itself how many apples it wants"
C1 "Now you don't make any sense to me at all! The pony should get exactly what the minimum wage is, or more"
C2 "But the pony might not want or need all those apples. It might need fewer apples, but want more oats or something else. The pony should choose and not someone else..."
And thus we had a little insight into an economic debate between the 'social cohesion' leaning child and the 'libertarian' leaning child. No fisticuffs or bad mouthing, but different opinions and different attitudes to life. It will be interesting to listen into another conversation along these lines.
With a binding minimum wage of w the marginal cost to the firm becomes the horizontal black MC ‘ line, and the firm maximises profits at A with a higher employment L . However in this example the minimum wage is higher than the competitive one, leading to involuntary unemployment equal to the segment AB. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
We agree with C2′s questions on where the choice for the minimum wage really lies. The wage level should be determined by the provider of the labour, whether individually or collectively bargained, but there should be no interference from government in this process.
Take note Europe, this is just one factor contributing to your long drawn out decline. Markets, not quasi-markets and constant political interference and distortions in the markets; should determine clearing prices or wages.
But this seems to be a lesson a child can learn, but not grown up political leaders…